2. 2- Middle English literature

It evolved from 1066 onward. This is the earliest form of English literature comprehensible to modern readers and listeners, yet not easily. Middle English lasts up until the 1470s, when the Chancery Standard became widespread and the printing press appeared. Middle English Bible translations, mainly Wycliffe's Bible, helped to render English a literary language.

   There are three major categories of Middle English Literature: Religious, Courtly love, and Arthurian. William Langland's Piers Plowman, Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (most likely by the Pearl Poet) are considered as the major works of this period.

   The most influential Middle English author was Geoffrey Chaucer who is regarded as "the Father of English Literature," Chaucer is regarded as the first author to demonstrate the artistic merit of the vernacular English language, rather than French or Latin.

    Among the many religious works the writings of the Katherine Group, Julian of Norwich and Richard Rolle.

    Since the 14th century, poetry in English has been written in Ireland and by Irish writers abroad.